ABOUT THE CONVENTION
One of the key agreements adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, is the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
The term “Biological Diversity” (or Biodiversity) is defined as:
“the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other
aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within
species, between species and of ecosystems”.
The subject of regulation and objective of the Convention on Biodiversity is:
(1) conservation of biodiversity;
(2) sustainable use of its components (biological resources); and
(3) the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources.