Why is Biodiversity important ?
In the first place biodiversity is a major focus for biologists and scientists in applied biological disciplines that the different approaches to the protection and balanced use of biological resources, researchers and those involved in cultural and spiritual values of local and regional diversity of human polulacija and their relationship to nature. Why is biodiversity must be seen as a complex phenomenon in which further research is the importance of biodiversity? There are two main reasons for this: the fundamental and application:
The fundamental importance of biodiversity are revealed in the fact that the totality of all forms of life on earth much more complex phenomenon than the sum total of individual organic species. Biodiversity is not numismatics and philately, as a phenomenon of biodiversity includes the diversity of ecological interactions, ie, the variety of ecological relationships that are in long-established between the evolution of different species and which in fact form the basis of existence, complexity, stability, and performance, as each ecosystem, biome ie, the biosphere as a whole, and survival, and future evolution of any organic species, including species Homo sapiens.
Without biodiversity there biogeohemijskih cycle and production of oxygen, there is the functioning of ecosystems, there is no photosynthesis or decomposition of organic matter. Preserved biodiversity contributes to the regulation of climate, reducing the greenhouse gas effect, maintain air and water quality can occur as a controller of droughts and floods ... Biodiversity provides us with life support systems, simply put: BIODIVERSITY = life on Earth.
Application should recognize the importance of biodiversity in the fact that the whole evolution of organic species Homo sapiens, and therefore of human civilization as a whole, as in the past, present, and will certainly be in the future related to the use of a wide range of biological resources. The genes, species and ecosystems with actual or potential value to humans are, in fact, the physical manifestations of global biodiversity and biological resources. Biological resources are the basis for life on our planet. Social, ethical, cultural and economic value of biological resusrsa identified at through religion, art, literature and economics of the earliest to the present day human civilization. From the policy of a country, the observation of biological diversity is defined primarily in economic terms the value of biological resources for social and economic development of the relevant community. Biological resources are the building material that enters into every basic type of economic activity and at its basic level. Issues related to biological resources, their scope and diversity, structure and geographical distribution have always been of great economic, and political importance. Areas of high biodiversity in all its applicative potential, and their geographical position, find their place in any serious geo-strategic and geopolitical studies and in development plan documents, where such basic questions arise: "Who owns what of biological diversity?" And "Where what come from? ". It is almost necessary to emphasize that the question "How many of which can be exploited?" Imposes itself.