The Strategic Plan of the Convention on Biological Diversity, or the “Aichi Target” for the period of 2011 – 2020, was adopted at the Nagoya Biodiversity Summit in 2010. The Plan includes 20 headline targets, organized under five strategic goals. The countries that are signatories of the Convention are invited to establish their own goals within a flexible framework, taking into account national needs and priorities, but also reaching the global goal. Among other elements, the countries agreed to halve or, where feasible, reduce the rate of loss of all natural habitats to zero, including forests, and establish at least 17% of protected terrestrial and inland water areas by 2020. Moreover, another of the goals is to prevent the extinction of known threatened species by 2020 and improve and sustain their conservation status, particularly those most in decline.
The “Aichi Target” comes under five strategic goals:
- Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society;
- Reduce direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use;
- Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity;
- Enhance the benefits for all from biodiversity and ecosystem services;
- Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building.